Postmodernism in American Literature: A Critical Anthology, Manfred Putz and Peter Freese, eds. "Growth, Efficiency, and Modernism" (PDF). Dettmar, "Modernism The Oxford Encyclopedia of British Literature,. "The New Informalists Art News,.
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The second French school was Symbolism, which literary historians see beginning with Charles Baudelaire (182167 and including the later poets, Arthur Rimbaud (185491) Une Saison en Enfer ( A Season in Hell, 1873 Paul Verlaine (184496 Stphane Mallarm (184298 and Paul Valry (18711945). Many of his students were artists working in other media with little or no background in music. These performances were intended as works of a new art form combining sculpture, dance, and music or sound, often with audience participation. Some even argue that modernism in literature and art functioned to sustain an elite culture which excluded the majority of the population. For other uses of the word, see. In the late 1960s Robert Pincus-Witten 121 coined the term " postminimalism " to describe minimalist-derived art which had content and contextual overtones that minimalism rejected. For the period in sociology beginning with industrialization, see. Women Artists as the Millennium, Cambridge, MA: October Books, MIT Press, 2006. Retrieved Ihab Hassan in Lawrence. 23 :538 Friedrich Nietzsche (18441900) was another major precursor of modernism, 37 with a philosophy in which psychological drives, specifically the " will to power " ( Wille zur Macht was of central importance: "Nietzsche often identified life itself with 'will to power that. Jean Metzinger, 1913, En Canot (Im Boot), oil on canvas, 146 x 114 cm (57.5.9 in exhibited at Moderni Umeni,.V.U.
On Black Tuesday, October twenty-ninth, the market collapsed. The Great Depression of 1929-33 was the most severe economic crisis of modern times. Millions of people lost their jobs, and many farmers and businesses were bankrupted. Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. American modernism, much like the modernism movement in general, is a trend of philosophical thought arising from the widespread changes in culture and society in the age of modernity.