Abbreviations Used, secondary Sources. Gene-culture coevolution provides a plausible scenario for the development a moral sense in humans, a quality that appears to be absent or extremely rudimentary in other species.
(128) In other words, the few who seek to predate and to live by force, prompt people to form polities. The selfish gene versus group selection issue, when properly formulated, has little to do with the nature of human sociality. This has become an exciting area in social history, as indicated by a recent workshop organized at the Santa Fe Institute that brought together historians, social scientists, and evolutionary theorists. (Usually, these turn out to be consistent with and traceable to the genic selectionism revolution, although many of these models depend on numerous restrictive assumptions which may or may not allow them to be applied to the real world.) Readers might detect a note. Filmer claims that wherever there is a multitude of people, there will be one who is the heir to Adams monarchical power.
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5 The same is true for other collectives of genetic relatives in which only a select few reproduce, such as the individuals making up a colonial organism and the cells making up a body. I wanted to go to my bedroom, confine myself to tears, replay my memories, never come out. I am David Phan, somebody who spends his weekends debating in a three piece suit, other days immersed within the punk rock culture, and some days writing opinionated blogs about underwear. Do I consider myself Korean or American? Is group selection necessary to explain the evolution of psychological traits adapted to group living such as tribalism, bravery, self-sacrifice, xenophobia, religion, empathy, and moralistic emotions? A beaver dam is not a part of a beaver's body like its tail, but it is clearly an adaptive phenotype, which has entered into natural selection in the same kind of way as a tail. He is also right that there is no innate tendency to become a suicide bombersuch people must be manipulated into such extreme self-sacrifice with environmental cues and pressures, including "the simulacra of family experiences, myths of common descent etc. Locke retained a fear for his life long after the troubles had died down.
And this new choice fits into any moment. But I strongly disagree that self-sacrifice in commons dilemmas is "the only empirical phenomenon which has been directly adduced as support for group selection." Now, let us go to the coral reef. Thanks first to Williams 2 and then to Richard Dawkins 3, the concept of average effects became popularized as "the gene's eye view of evolution" and the gene was called "the fundamental unit of selection". This was when I realized that I was a punk rock philosopher. Examples include huddling for warmth, mobbing a predator, and Tooby's example of pooling resources to get higher expected returns in a risky investment. When reminded that one vote cannot make a difference, the common reply is that there are in fact close elections, where the balance is tipped in one direction or another by only a few hundred votes.
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