by the Maoists to initiate their armed struggle. If the opposing parties cannot solve the conflict by these means, the elimination, the abolition or the destruction of the opposing group often becomes a sad reality of our world. The political parties formed various alliances to remain in power in order to serve their personal or partisan interest. Over the last decades, foreign employment and remittance have been the main sources of national income.
This again galvanized the upsurge of the Maoists' military structure and armed violence creating a vicious cycle of 'security dilemma.' At times, community defense forces exhibited offensive capabilities, even if they were formed for defensive purpose. In other words, such elections tend to create impermeable blocs that detract from interethnic accommodation. Many people from rural areas migrated to various neighboring parts of India for security and employment. American Political Science Review, 90(4 715-735. This sample Ethnic and Identity Politics Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. Although its coverage is not entirely exhaustive, it provides the reader with a basic understanding of the underlying debates regarding the central questions addressed in the literature: (a) What is ethnic identity? Political parties and democracy (pp.
Social Problems, 41(1 152-176. Their administrative division of the country based on ethnic lines validates their excessive reliance on ethnicity to achieve ideological strategic objective. . If you need help writing your assignment, please use our custom writing services and buy a paper on any of the political science research paper topics. . Last name, or tribal markings). Frank Cohen (1997) argues that the broader the representation, the more likely the ethnic group feels bound to the existing system. She directly criticizes the notion of ethnic outbidding, which is so central to the argument that the mere appearance of ethnic parties sets off a chain reaction leading to a spiral of extremism that destroys democratic politics altogether. Ethnic conflicts have consistently formed the vast majority of wars ever since the event of decolonization began to sweep the developing countries after 1945. As the Maoist armed movement led to perish more than 13,000 human lives, and the ethnic mobilization was part and parcel of the Maoist insurgency, the Nepalese conflict graduated from an 'ethnic conflict' to a 'hybrid conflict.' It was a fusion of ethnic grievances.